Jury Legal Definition: Understanding the Role and Responsibilities

Exploring the Intricacies of the Jury Legal Definition

As a legal enthusiast, the concept of a jury has always fascinated me. The idea that a group of ordinary citizens can come together to make crucial decisions that impact the outcome of a trial is both intriguing and inspiring. In this post, I aim to into legal definition of jury and shed on its in the system.

The Legal Definition

According to Black`s Law Dictionary, a jury is defined as “a group of persons selected according to law and sworn to inquire into and declare a verdict on matters of fact.”

This definition the elements of jury – is group individuals who chosen accordance with procedures and tasked with the of a case and a based on those facts.

Types of Juries

In the United States, are two types of juries – grand jury and petit jury.

Jury Type Description
Grand Jury Comprised of 16-23 members, the grand jury decides whether there is enough evidence to bring criminal charges against a defendant.
Petit Jury Also known as trial jury, petit jury is for guilt or in criminal trial, or in a civil trial.

Statistics on Jury Trials

According to the Bureau of Justice Statistics, in 2019, about 3% of criminal cases in U.S. district courts went to trial, with the rest being resolved through plea bargains or dismissals. This highlights the pivotal role that juries play in a small, but significant portion of criminal cases.

Case Study: Famous Jury Trials

One of most famous jury in American history is O.J. Simpson trial, where the jury`s verdict of not guilty sparked widespread debate and controversy. This case serves as a prime example of the immense impact that a jury`s decision can have on society.


Studying legal definition of jury has my for democratic that the justice system. Idea that citizens can in the of justice is remarkable, and the of upholding the right to a trial by jury.

As I continue to explore the intricacies of the law, I am inspired by the pivotal role that juries play in ensuring fairness and equity in our legal system.

In legal definition of jury encompasses principle of involvement in the of justice. Juries serve as component of system, and their carry implications for of trials. Imperative to and uphold the of juries in the principles of justice and fairness.

Jury Legal Definition Contract

Below is a legal contract defining the term “jury” as it pertains to the legal system.

Contract Definition

Whereas, the term “jury” refers to a group of individuals selected and sworn in to hear evidence and render a verdict in a court of law;

And whereas, jury`s must be based on presented and law as by judge;

And whereas, jury system is part of criminal process and is to ensure and trial for accused;

Now, therefore, it is agreed that the legal definition of “jury” shall be as stated above and shall be interpreted in accordance with the laws and legal practices governing the jurisdiction in which the trial is taking place.

Jury Legal Definition FAQs

Question Answer
1. What is the legal definition of a jury? A jury is group of individuals to hear and render in case. They play role in system, as responsible for guilt or of the defendant.
2. How is a jury selected? Juries are from pool of citizens who summoned to in court. Process involves potential to they can fair in case.
3. What is the difference between a petit jury and a grand jury? A petit jury, known as trial jury, is for guilt or of a in or trial. A grand jury, on the hand, is for whether is enough to bring against a defendant.
4. Can someone be excused from jury duty? Yes, can be from jury for reasons as illness, or commitments. They request to be through proper channels.
5. What are the qualifications to serve on a jury? Qualifications to on jury vary by but individuals must U.S. Citizens, at least years old, and of and evidence in court.
6. Can a lawyer dismiss a juror? Yes, during jury process, on sides have to potential for reasons, as or to be fair and impartial.
7. What is a unanimous jury verdict? A unanimous jury means that all must on whether is or not guilty. In some cases, lesser may be for cases.
8. What happens if a juror is found to be biased? If juror is found to be or by factors, can to mistrial, where is declared and tried with new jury.
9. Can jurors discuss the case with others during the trial? No, jurors are to discuss with including and until phase, to outside on their decision.
10. What is the importance of a fair and impartial jury? A fair and jury is for principles of and that all receive fair trial. Helps the of system and trust in the verdict.
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